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Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 2000 Oct;154(10):979-83.

Higher-dose intravenous magnesium therapy for children with moderate to severe acute asthma.

Author information

1
Department of Pediatrics, Brown University School of Medicine, Providence, RI, USA.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To evaluate the efficacy of a 40-mg/kg dose of intravenous magnesium sulfate for moderate to severe asthma exacerbations in pediatric patients.

STUDY DESIGN:

Double-blind placebo-controlled trial.

SETTING:

Two urban tertiary care pediatric emergency departments.

SUBJECTS:

Thirty patients, aged 6 to 17.9 years, being treated for an acute asthma exacerbation.

INTERVENTION:

Eligible patients received either a magnesium sulfate infusion of 40 mg/kg or saline solution.

RESULTS:

At 20 minutes, the time at which the infusion was completed, the magnesium group had a significantly greater percentage of absolute improvement from baseline in each of the following: predicted peak expiratory flow rate (8.6% vs 0.3%, P<. 001), forced expiratory volume in 1 second (7.0% vs 0.2%,P<.001), and forced vital capacity (7.3% vs -0.7%, P<.001). The improvement was greater at 110 minutes: peak expiratory flow rate (25.8% vs 1.9%, P<.001), forced expiratory volume in 1 second (24.1% vs 2.3%; P<. 001), and forced vital capacity (27.3% vs 2.6%, P<.001). Patients who received intravenous magnesium were more likely to be discharged to their homes than those who received the placebo (8/16 vs 0/14; P=. 002).

CONCLUSION:

Children treated with 40 mg/kg of intravenous magnesium sulfate for moderate to severe asthma showed remarkable improvement in short-term pulmonary function.

PMID:
11030848
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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