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Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2000 Oct;162(4 Pt 2):S190-3.

Antigen presentation and DNA vaccines.

Author information

1
Department of Vaccines and Gene Therapy Research, Chiron Corporation, Emeryville, California, USA.

Abstract

There is reasonable evidence that both cross-priming and direct transfection of antigen-presenting cells (APCs) play a role in induction of immune responses by DNA vaccines. It is not known which mode is more important for priming cytotoxic T cell responses, but both are sufficient and neither alone is necessary. Hence, a rational strategy for increasing DNA vaccine potency would be to facilitate both pathways. With regard to cross-priming, a better understanding of the nature of the antigen transferred and the molecules/cells involved may suggest ways to design DNA vaccines to enhance this pathway. With respect to transfection of APCs, certain DNA formulations or delivery systems may be able to target APCs for increased DNA uptake. Other considerations include recruitment of APCs to the site of DNA injection and manipulation of these cells to ensure the proper activation state for priming immune responses. The burgeoning scientific literature in these areas indicates that much effort is currently being directed toward these goals.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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