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Anal Chem. 2000 Oct 1;72(19):4603-7.

Capillary isoelectric focusing of yeast cells.

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Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, Washington 99352, USA.


In the present work, capillary isoelectric focusing (CIEF) methods were developed for the separation and identification of yeast cells. Yeast cells (approximately 4-microm diameter) cultured to various phases of growth were shown to be reproducibly resolved by CIEF using 100-microm-i.d. fused-silica capillaries coated with hydroxypropyl methylcellulose. Separation efficiencies corresponding to peak capacities of >4000 were obtained. The suitable cell concentration range for obtaining repeatable elution in CIEF separations was found to be quite low (<3 cells/microL). CIEF experiments showed that yeast cell populations at early log, mid log, and stationary growth phases differ in isoelectric point, with values ranging from 5.2 to 6.4. The broader application of CIEF are projected for microorganism identification and separation based upon growth conditions.

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