Format

Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
BJOG. 2000 Oct;107(10):1248-51.

Subcutaneous versus intracutaneous injections of sterile water for labour analgesia: a comparison of perceived pain during administration.

Author information

1
Department of Health Sciences, University of Skövde, Sweden.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To investigate whether, during injections of sterile water, there is any difference in perceived pain between intracutaneous and subcutaneous injections.

DESIGN:

Blind controlled trial with cross-over design.

SETTING:

Göteborg and Skövde, Sweden.

PARTICIPANTS:

One hundred healthy female volunteers.

METHODS:

The women were randomised into two groups and subjected to two trials, within one week of each other. During the first trial one group (n = 50) received the intracutaneous injection first, followed by the subcutaneous injection. The second group (n = 50) was given the subcutaneous injection first, followed by intracutaneous injection. In both groups all the injections were given in reverse order during the second trial.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES:

Experienced pain during the administration of sterile water injections, measured by visual analogue scale.

RESULTS:

The analysis showed intracutaneous injections to be significantly more painful than subcutaneous injections, even after adjusting for injection day and for left/right site of injection (mean 60.8 vs 41.3, P < 0.001).

CONCLUSIONS:

The findings suggest that the less painful subcutaneous injection technique should be used.

PMID:
11028576
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Wiley
    Loading ...
    Support Center