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Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2000 Sep 24;276(2):461-5.

Ionic products of bioactive glass dissolution increase proliferation of human osteoblasts and induce insulin-like growth factor II mRNA expression and protein synthesis.

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Department of Histochemistry, Imperial College School of Science, Technology and Medicine, London, W12 ONN, United Kingdom.


Bioglass 45S5 is an osteoproductive material, which resorbs by releasing its constitutive ions into solution. Treatment with the ionic products of Bioglass 45S5 dissolution in DMEM for 4 days increased human osteoblast proliferation to 155% of control. Two days after treatment, differential gene expression was analyzed by cDNA microarrays. Expression of a potent osteoblast mitogenic growth factor, insulin-like growth factor II (IGF-II), was increased to 290%. Additionally, there was a 168% increase in the concentration of unbound IGF-II protein in the conditioned media of treated osteoblasts. Expression levels of IGFBP-3, an IGF-II carrier protein, metalloproteinase-2 and cathepsin-D were also increased to 200, 340, and 310% of control levels, respectively. Metalloproteinase-2 and cathepsin-D are proteases that cleave IGF-II from its carrier proteins, resulting in the release of the unbound biologically active IGF-II. We suggest that the stimulatory effect of the ionic products of Bioglass 45S5 dissolution on osteoblast proliferation may be mediated by IGF-II.

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