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Eye (Lond). 2000 Jun;14 ( Pt 3A):340-3.

Sulfasalazine in the prevention of anterior uveitis associated with ankylosing spondylitis.

Author information

1
Instituto Investigaciones Oftalmologicas Ramon Castroviejo, Facultad de Medicina, Universidad Complutense, Madrid, Spain.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

To assess the effects of sulfasalazine in preventing recurrences and reducing the severity of anterior uveitis associated with ankylosing spondylitis and chronic intestinal inflammation.

METHODS:

Twenty-two patients with anterior uveitis associated with ankylosing spondylitis were studied. Ten patients were randomised to receive oral sulfasalazine (group 1) and 12 patients randomised to no treatment (group 2); all were followed for 3 years. Blood-aqueous barrier permeability was determined by fluorophotometry and bowel biopsies were taken.

RESULTS:

A statistically significant difference was observed between the two groups regarding the number of recurrences of uveitis (p = 0.016). The blood-aqueous barrier permeability was significantly higher during acute attacks in group 2 (group 1: 31.3 +/- 26.4 x 10(-4) min-1 vs group 2: 66.2 +/- 28.5 x 10(-4) min-1; p = 0.019) but not during the disease-free period. We observed a higher incidence of chronic intestinal inflammation at the end of the study in group 2 (group 1: 3/8 vs group 2: 7/9, p = 0.153). No relation was observed between blood-aqueous barrier permeability and the number of recurrences. The number of patients with severe persistent posterior synechiae at the end of the study was higher in group 2 (group 1: 4 patients before and 4 patients at the end; group 2: 4 patients before and 8 patients at the end; p = 0.65).

CONCLUSION:

Sulfasalazine may be beneficial in preventing recurrences and reducing the severity of anterior uveitis associated with ankylosing spondylitis.

PMID:
11026996
DOI:
10.1038/eye.2000.84
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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