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Regul Pept. 2000 Aug 25;92(1-3):31-5.

Morphological evidence for neural interactions between leptin and orexin in the hypothalamus.

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Department of Anatomy, Showa University School of Medicine, 142-8555, Tokyo, Japan.


Both leptin and orexin have been recently discovered as peptides involved in feeding regulation. The morphological evidence of neural interaction between leptin and orexin, one considered to inhibit food intake and the other to stimulate it in the central nervous system (CNS), was studied by use of double immunostaining method. The leptin receptor-like immunoreactive (LR-LI) neurons in the hypothalamic arcuate nucleus and ventromedial nucleus were innervated by orexin-like immunoreactive (OX-LI) neurons. The distribution of LR-LI neurons in the hypothalamus was very similar to that of OX-LI neurons. These results may suggest that leptin and orexin are intimately correlated with each other and that they reciprocally regulate feeding at the hypothalamic level.

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