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Free Radic Res. 2000 Oct;33(4):437-45.

Inter- and intra-individual variation in plasma and red blood cell vitamin E after supplementation.

Author information

1
The Rayne Institute, St. Thomas' Hospital, King's College London, UK.

Abstract

To establish the range of individual blood responses to supplemental vitamin E, 30 healthy subjects ingested 75 mg of deuterium-labelled alpha-tocopherol with a standard breakfast. Blood was collected at 6, 9, 12, 27 and 51 h post ingestion and deuterated (d6) and non-deuterated (do) alpha-tocopherol concentrations were determined in plasma and red blood cells (RBC) by GC-MS. To examine intra-individual responses, 6 of these subjects were re-examined at 6-month intervals over a 30-month period. Post ingestion, the amount of d6-alpha-tocopherol in blood increased rapidly with time with maximal concentrations seen at 12 h (plasma) and 27 h (RBC) in most subjects. At these times, d6-alpha-tocopherol concentration ranged from 0.3-12.4 micromol/l in plasma and 0.6-4.09 micromol/l packed cell in RBC. Area under the curve calculations indicated inter-individual differences of alpha-tocopherol uptake to be 40-fold for plasma (12.9-493.3 micromol h/l) and 6-fold for RBC (24.4-146.1 micromol h/l packed RBC). Intra-individual variation in alpha-tocopherol uptake was small in comparison and remained relatively constant over the 30-month period. We conclude that vitamin E uptake varies widely in the normal population, although it is comparatively stable for an individual over time. These differences likely arise from variations in the regulation of vitamin E uptake and metabolism between subjects. Factors regulating this process must be better understood before the optimal intake of vitamin E can be ascertained.

PMID:
11022852
DOI:
10.1080/10715760000300971
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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