Send to

Choose Destination
J Biol Chem. 2001 Jan 12;276(2):1326-34.

Epithelial sodium channel pore region. structure and role in gating.

Author information

Department of Medicine, Physiology and Pathology, School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania and Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104, USA.


Epithelial sodium channels (ENaC) have a crucial role in the regulation of extracellular fluid volume and blood pressure. To study the structure of the pore region of ENaC, the susceptibility of introduced cysteine residues to sulfhydryl-reactive methanethiosulfonate derivatives ((2-aminoethyl)methanethiosulfonate hydrobromide (MTSEA) and [(2-(trimethylammonium)ethyl]methanethiosulfonate bromide (MTSET)) and to Cd(2+) was determined. Selected mutants within the amino-terminal portion (alphaVal(569)-alphaTrp(582)) of the pore region responded to MTSEA, MTSET, or Cd(2+) with stimulation or inhibition of whole cell Na(+) current. The reactive residues were not contiguous but were separated by 2-3 residues where substituted cysteine residues did not respond to the reagents and line one face of an alpha-helix. The activation of alphaS580Cbetagamma mENaC by MTSET was associated with a large increase in channel open probability. Within the carboxyl-terminal portion (alphaSer(583)-alphaSer(592)) of the pore region, only one mutation (alphaS583C) conferred a rapid, nearly complete block by MTSEA, MTSET, and Cd(2+), whereas several other mutant channels were partially blocked by MTSEA or Cd(2+) but not by MTSET. Our data suggest that the outer pore of ENaC is formed by an alpha-helix, followed by an extended region that forms a selectivity filter. Furthermore, our data suggest that the pore region participates in ENaC gating.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for HighWire
Loading ...
Support Center