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J Biol Chem. 2001 Jan 12;276(2):1326-34.

Epithelial sodium channel pore region. structure and role in gating.

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1
Department of Medicine, Physiology and Pathology, School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania and Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104, USA.

Abstract

Epithelial sodium channels (ENaC) have a crucial role in the regulation of extracellular fluid volume and blood pressure. To study the structure of the pore region of ENaC, the susceptibility of introduced cysteine residues to sulfhydryl-reactive methanethiosulfonate derivatives ((2-aminoethyl)methanethiosulfonate hydrobromide (MTSEA) and [(2-(trimethylammonium)ethyl]methanethiosulfonate bromide (MTSET)) and to Cd(2+) was determined. Selected mutants within the amino-terminal portion (alphaVal(569)-alphaTrp(582)) of the pore region responded to MTSEA, MTSET, or Cd(2+) with stimulation or inhibition of whole cell Na(+) current. The reactive residues were not contiguous but were separated by 2-3 residues where substituted cysteine residues did not respond to the reagents and line one face of an alpha-helix. The activation of alphaS580Cbetagamma mENaC by MTSET was associated with a large increase in channel open probability. Within the carboxyl-terminal portion (alphaSer(583)-alphaSer(592)) of the pore region, only one mutation (alphaS583C) conferred a rapid, nearly complete block by MTSEA, MTSET, and Cd(2+), whereas several other mutant channels were partially blocked by MTSEA or Cd(2+) but not by MTSET. Our data suggest that the outer pore of ENaC is formed by an alpha-helix, followed by an extended region that forms a selectivity filter. Furthermore, our data suggest that the pore region participates in ENaC gating.

PMID:
11022046
DOI:
10.1074/jbc.M008117200
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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