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J Biol Chem. 2000 Dec 29;275(52):41369-76.

Mutually cooperative binding of eukaryotic translation initiation factor (eIF) 3 and eIF4A to human eIF4G-1.

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  • 1Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Louisiana State University Health Sciences Center, Shreveport, Louisiana 71130-3932, USA.

Abstract

Eukaryotic translation initiation factor 4G-1 (eIF4G) plays a critical role in the recruitment of mRNA to the 43 S preinitiation complex. The central region of eIF4G binds the ATP-dependent RNA helicase eIF4A, the 40 S binding factor eIF3, and RNA. In the present work, we have further characterized the binding properties of the central region of human eIF4G. Both titration and competition experiments were consistent with a 1:1 stoichiometry for eIF3 binding. Surface plasmon resonance studies showed that three recombinant eIF4G fragments corresponding to amino acids 642-1560, 613-1078, and 975-1078 bound eIF3 with similar kinetics. A dissociation equilibrium constant of approximately 42 nm was derived from an association rate constant of 3.9 x 10(4) m(-1) s(-1) and dissociation rate constant of 1.5 x 10(-3) s(-1). Thus, the eIF3-binding region is included within amino acid residues 975-1078. This region does not overlap with the RNA-binding site, which suggests that eIF3 binds eIF4G directly and not through an RNA bridge, or the central eIF4A-binding site. Surprisingly, the binding of eIF3 and eIF4A to the central region was mutually cooperative; eIF3 binding to eIF4G increased 4-fold in the presence of eIF4A, and conversely, eIF4A binding to the central (but not COOH-terminal) region of eIF4G increased 2.4-fold in the presence of eIF3.

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