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J Cataract Refract Surg. 2000 Sep;26(9):1403-8.

Corneal endothelial toxicity of different lidocaine concentrations.

Author information

1
Department of Ophthalmology, Charité Medical Faculty, Campus Virchow Hospital, Humboldt University Berlin, Berlin, Germany.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

To examine the potential damaging effect on the corneal endothelium of unpreserved lidocaine in concentrations of 1%, 5%, and 10%.

SETTINGS:

Department of Ophthalmology, Charité Medical Faculty, Humboldt University, Berlin, Germany.

METHODS:

Experimental porcine corneas (n = 18) were exposed to 100 microL of unpreserved lidocaine hydrochloride at concentrations of 1%, 5%, and 10% for 60 minutes. Additional corneas (n = 6) were treated with lidocaine hydrochloride 1% for 30 minutes to simulate clinical conditions. Balanced salt solution (BSS((R))) served as a control to evaluate corneal endothelial cell damage using Janus Green photometry. Morphology, damage pattern, and changes in the ultrastructural appearance of corneal endothelial cells were examined by light and scanning electron microscopy.

RESULTS:

Lidocaine 1% used for 30 or 60 minutes did not cause significantly more corneal endothelial damage (mean 3.00% +/- 0.76% [SD] and 3.26% +/- 1.00%, respectively) than in the control group (mean 3.32% +/- 0. 86%) (P >.01). Significant corneal endothelial cell loss was observed with lidocaine 5% (mean 10.7% +/- 6.4%) (P <.001) and lidocaine 10% (42.3% +/- 17.0%) (P <.001).

CONCLUSION:

Experimental exposure of corneal endothelial cells to higher concentrations of lidocaine resulted in significant cell loss, indicating that the 1% concentration only should be used clinically.

PMID:
11020627
DOI:
10.1016/s0886-3350(00)00379-5
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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