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Cell Calcium. 2000 Sep;28(3):161-9.

Evidence for a vesicle-mediated maintenance of store-operated calcium channels in a human embryonic kidney cell line.

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Department of Molecular and Cell Biology, University of California at Berkeley, Berkeley, CA, USA.


Direct microinjection of the clostridial neurotoxins botulinum neurotoxin A light chain or tetanus neurotoxin into cells of a human embryonic kidney cell line significantly reduced calcium entry after depletion of internal calcium stores by cyclopiazonic acid, a reversible inhibitor of the sarcoplasmic-endoplasmic reticular calcium-ATPases. Botulinum neurotoxin A light chain specifically hydrolyzes a synaptosomal-associated protein of 25 kilodaltons (SNAP-25), and tetanus neurotoxin specifically hydrolyzes synaptobrevin-2 (vesicle-associated membrane protein 2, VAMP-2) and cellubrevin (vesicle-associated membrane protein 3, VAMP-3). Since these substrate proteins are required for vesicle docking and fusion, inhibition of store-operated calcium entry by botulinum neurotoxin A light chain and tetanus neurotoxin supports a model in which vesicle fusion is a prerequisite for activation of store-operated calcium entry. Brefeldin A, a fungal metabolite that interferes with vesicle traffic, partially reduced calcium entry following store depletion. The size of the reserve pool of vesicles or parallel vesicle recycling pathways employing brefeldin A-sensitive and brefeldin A-insensitive ADP-ribosylation factors may explain the failure of brefeldin A to completely inhibit store-operated calcium entry.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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