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Methods. 2000 Sep;22(1):53-60.

Development of rapid one-step immunochromatographic assay.

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Graduate School of Biotechnology, Korea University, 5-ka, Anam-dong, Sungbuk-ku, Seoul 136-701, Korea.


An analytical system for a one-step immunoassay has been constructed using the concept of immunochromatography. The system employed two different antibodies that bound distinct epitopes of an analyte molecule: an antibody labeled with a signal generator (e.g., colloidal gold), which was placed in the dry state at a predetermined site on a glass-fiber membrane, and another antibody immobilized on the surface of a nitrocellulose membrane. Three membranes, one with the tracer, one with immobilized antibody, and a cellulose membrane as the absorbent of medium (in a sequence from the bottom), were attached to a plastic film and cut into strips. Aqueous medium containing analyte absorbed from the bottom end of the immunostrip dissolved the labeled antibody, and the antigen-antibody binding complex formed was transported into the next nitrocellulose membrane by the flow caused by capillary action. The complex subsequently reacted with the immobilized antibody, which generated a signal in proportion to the analyte concentration. The convective mass transfer of the immunoreactant to the binding partner allowed the assay to be performed with no handling of reagents. The reaction, however, was carried out under nonequilibrium conditions, which resulted in decreased sensitivity as compared with assays performed in an equilibrium mode (e.g., ELISA). To minimize such sacrifice, major factors that control system performance were identified and the system was then devised under optimal conditions.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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