Format

Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Clin Pharmacokinet. 2000 Sep;39(3):233-42.

Pharmacokinetics of etonogestrel and ethinylestradiol released from a combined contraceptive vaginal ring.

Author information

1
Department of Drug Metabolism and Kinetics, NV Organon, Oss, The Netherlands. c.timmer@organon.oss.akzonobel.nl

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To assess the pharmacokinetics of etonogestrel and ethinylestradiol released from a novel combined contraceptive vaginal ring (NuvaRing) releasing etonogestrel 120microg and ethinylestradiol 15 microg per day and compare them with those of a combined oral contraceptive containing desogestrel 150 microg/ethinylestradiol 30 microg (DSG/EE COC).

DESIGN AND SETTING:

This was a nonblind, randomised, crossover study in 16 healthy women.

METHODS:

All volunteers received one cycle of DSG/EE COC before being randomised to 1 of 2 treatment groups. The participants in group 1 received 1 cycle of DSG/EE COC, a treatment period with NuvaRing and an intravenous bolus injection of etonogestrel/ethinylestradiol (150 microg/30 microg). Those in group 2 received a NuvaRing treatment period, 1 cycle of DSG/EE COC and the same intravenous bolus injection.

RESULTS AND CONCLUSIONS:

After the insertion of NuvaRing, maximum serum concentrations of etonogestrel and ethinylestradiol were achieved in approximately 1 week. The concentrations subsequently showed a gradual linear decrease in time. The maximum serum concentrations of etonogestrel and ethinylestradiol were approximately 40 and 30%, respectively, of those for the DSG/EE COC. In comparison with the DSG/EE COC, the absolute bioavailability for NuvaRing was higher for etonogestrel (102.9 vs 79.2%) and similar for ethinylestradiol (55.6 vs 53.8%). Taking the difference in daily doses into account, systemic exposure to etonogestrel was similar for NuvaRing and the DSG/EE COC, whereas systemic exposure to ethinylestradiol with NuvaRing was only approximately 50% of that for the DSG/EE COC.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Springer
    Loading ...
    Support Center