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J Cancer Educ. 2000 Fall;15(3):151-5.

Food avoidance by women at risk for recurrence of breast cancer.

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1
Department of Family and Preventive Medicine, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, USA.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

This cross-sectional study examined self-reported restriction of foods by middle-aged and older women at risk for breast cancer recurrence, who were participating in an intervention study, and by women without breast cancer.

METHODS:

Data examined were height, weight, dietary intake, and avoidance of specific food types in women with breast cancer (n = 56) and a comparison group of women without breast cancer (n = 51). Data were analyzed with t-tests and chi-square analysis.

RESULTS:

The broad food categories of meat, dairy foods, and sweets were restricted by women both with (53%, 74%, and 62%, respectively) and without breast cancer (47%, 63%, and 63%, respectively). Significantly more women with breast cancer avoided cakes, butter, and milk, compared with women without breast cancer (p < 0.05). Women in both groups attained a mean consumption of >75% of the Recommended Dietary Allowance for many nutrients; however, mean consumption for calcium was <75% of the RDA for the two groups.

CONCLUSIONS:

Analysis of food avoidance by women with breast cancer who participate in diet-intervention studies and by women without breast cancer may provide information about adherence to dietary guidelines and adequate nutrient consumption among these populations.

PMID:
11019763
DOI:
10.1080/08858190009528684
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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