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Biochim Biophys Acta. 2000 Sep 27;1487(2-3):190-200.

Augmented resistance to oxidative stress in fatty rat livers induced by a short-term sucrose-rich diet.

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Department of Anatomy, Cell Biology and Injury Sciences, University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey, New Jersey Medical School, Newark, NJ 07103, USA.


Hepatic steatosis and the accompanying oxidative stress have been associated with a variety of liver diseases. It is not known if fat accumulation per se plays a direct role in the oxidative stress of the organ. This study tested if steatosis induced by a short-term carbohydrate-rich diet results in an increased hepatic sensitivity to oxidative stress. Antioxidant status was determined in a liver perfusion system and in isolated parenchymal, endothelial and Kupffer cells from rats kept on sucrose-rich diet or on regular diet for 48 h. t-Butyl hydroperoxide addition (2 mM) to the perfusion fluid resulted in a release of alanine aminotransferase (ALT) in livers from controls, whereas no ALT release was observed in fatty livers. After t-butyl hydroperoxide addition, oxidized glutathione release was 40% less in fatty than in control livers, whereas reduced glutathione (GSH) release was not different. Sinusoidal oxidant stress was mimicked by the addition of lipopolysaccharide (LPS) from Escherichia coli (10 microg/ml) followed by the addition of opsonized zymosan (8 mg/ml) to the perfusion medium. LPS plus zymosan treatments resulted in the release of ALT in control but not in fatty livers. At the end of perfusion, liver glutathione content was 3-fold elevated, and the tissue content of lipid peroxidation products was approx. 40% less in fatty livers compared to controls. GSH content was doubled and glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) expression was elevated by 3- and 10-fold in sinusoidal endothelial and parenchymal cells form fatty livers compared to cells from control animals. Following H(2)O(2) administration in vitro (0.2-1 mM), GSH remained elevated in endothelial and parenchymal cells from fatty livers compared to cells from controls. In contrast, G6PD activity and GSH content were similar in Kupffer cells isolated from fatty or control livers. The study shows that hepatic fat accumulation caused by a short-term sucrose diet is not accompanied by elevated hepatic lipid peroxidation, and an elevated hepatic antioxidant activity can be manifested in the presence of prominent steatosis. The diet-induced increase in G6PD expression and, thus, the efficient maintenance of reduced glutathione in endothelial and parenchymal cells are a supportive mechanism in the observed hepatic resistance against intracellular or sinusoidal oxidative stress.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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