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Microbes Infect. 2000 Sep;2(11):1321-8.

Replication and virulence of early protein 0 and long latency transcript deficient mutants of the Aujeszky's disease (pseudorabies) virus.

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1
Laboratory of Molecular Virology, Agricultural Biotechnology Center, Gödöllö, 2100 Hungary.

Abstract

Early protein 0 (EP0)-deficient recombinant Aujeszky's disease viruses, Ka-ep0lac and Ba-ep0lac derived from strains Kaplan and Bartha, respectively, were constructed to explore the impact of the mutation on replication, virulence and latency of the virus. Inactivation of the EP0 gene resulted in a mutation of long latency transcript (Cheung et al., 1991) that is located on the complementary DNA strand of EP0 and immediate early protein (IE)175 genes. In infection of immortalized porcine kidney cells, the growth rate and yield of both EP0(-) mutant strains were significantly smaller than that of wild-type virus. Ka-ep0lac was found to be highly virulent, while Ba-ep0lac showed an attenuated phenotype in mice. PCR assay and immunohistochemistry showed that the Ba-ep0lac virus was able to establish latency in the mouse trigeminal ganglia. However, latent virus was not able to reactivate in explant reactivation assays. Accordingly, latent Ba-ep0lac has the potential to be exploited as vectors for the delivery of foreign genes to the nervous system.

PMID:
11018448
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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