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Virus Res. 2000 Sep 25;69(2):83-93.

The cleavage activation and sites of glycosylation in the fusion protein of Hendra virus.

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CSIRO Animal Health, Australian Animal Health Laboratory, Private Bag 24, Vic. 3220, Geelong, Australia.


Hendra virus (HeV) is an unclassified member of the Paramyxoviridae family that causes systemic infections in humans, horses, cats, guinea pigs and flying foxes. The fusion protein (F(0)) of members of the Paramyxoviridae family that cause systemic infections in vivo contains a basic amino acid-rich region at which the protein is activated by cleavage into two subunits (F(1) and F(2)). HeV F(0) lacks such a domain. We have determined the cleavage site in HeV F(0) by sequencing the amino terminus of the F(1) subunit and in view of the potential effect of glycosylation on the cleavage process have ascertained the sites at which F(0) is glycosylated. The results indicate that unlike other members of the family that replicate in cultured cells and cause systemic infections in vivo, cleavage of HeV F(0) occurs at a single lysine (reside 109) in the sequence Asp-Val-Lys- downward arrow-Leu. Although HeV genotypically resembles members of the Respirovirus and Rubulavirus genera in having potential N-linked glycosylation sites in both the F(1) and F(2) subunits, we show that phenotypically HeV may more closely resemble members of the Morbillivirus genus that contain N-linked glycans only in the F(2) subunit.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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