Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Clin Infect Dis. 2000 Sep;31(3):690-7. Epub 2000 Oct 4.

Nosocomial bloodstream infections caused by Acinetobacter species in United States hospitals: clinical features, molecular epidemiology, and antimicrobial susceptibility.

Author information

1
Institute of Medical Microbiology, Immunology and Hygiene, University of Cologne, Germany.

Abstract

We examined the clinical and epidemiological features of nosocomial bloodstream infections (BSIs) caused by Acinetobacter species and observed from 1 March 1995 through 28 February 1998 at 49 United States hospitals (SCOPE National Surveillance Program). Acinetobacter species were found in 24 hospitals (49%) and accounted for 1.5% of all nosocomial BSIs reported. One hundred twenty-nine isolates were identified either as A. baumannii (n=111) or other Acinetobacter species (n=18). Patients with A. baumannii BSI, compared with patients with nosocomial BSI caused by other gram-negative pathogens, were more frequently observed in the intensive care unit (69% vs. 47%, respectively; P<.001; odds ratio [OR] 2.4; 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.6-3.7) and were more frequently receiving mechanical ventilation (58% vs. 30%, respectively; P<.001; OR 3.2; 95% CI 2.1-4.8). Crude mortality in patients with A. baumannii BSI was 32%. Molecular relatedness of strains was studied by use of polymerase chain reaction-based fingerprinting. Clonal spread of a single strain occurred in 5 hospitals. Interhospital spread of epidemic A. baumannii strains was not observed. The most active antimicrobial agents against A. baumannii (90% minimum inhibitory concentration values) were imipenem (1 mg/L; 100% of isolates susceptible), amikacin (8 mg/L; 96%), tobramycin (4 mg/L; 92%), and doxycycline (4 mg/L; 91%). Thirty percent of isolates were resistant to > or =4 classes of antimicrobials and were considered to be multidrug resistant.

PMID:
11017817
DOI:
10.1086/314040
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Silverchair Information Systems
Loading ...
Support Center