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Viral Immunol. 2000;13(3):329-41.

Antibodies to the major linear neutralizing domains of cytomegalovirus glycoprotein B among natural seropositives and CMV subunit vaccine recipients.

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Department of Pediatrics, University of Louisville School of Medicine, Kentucky 40202, USA.


The gB protein (gpUL55) of human cytomegalovirus (CMV) contains C-terminal (AD-1) and N-terminal (AD-2) linear immunodominant neutralizing domains. To measure antibodies to these epitopes, a modified protein (delta-gB) lacking heavily glycosylated intervening regions, the transmembrane domain, and the cytoplasmic domain, was expressed in recombinant baculovirus-infected cells. Eighty-six percent of 600 naturally CMV-seropositive individuals and 93% of 121 gB vaccine recipients had antibodies to delta-gB as detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). The antibody level in vaccinees (median optical density [OD] = 1.73) exceeded that in natural seropositives (median OD = 0.94; p < .0001). Eleven percent of 95 natural seropositives and 7% of 120 gB vaccinees lacked A-gB antibodies but had neutralizing activity. Among subjects with delta-gB antibody, there were weak correlations between antibody level and neutralizing titer. These data suggest that antibodies to linear neutralizing gB domains are highly prevalent in naturally-infected individuals and regularly develop in gB vaccinees. However, for some individuals, discontinuous and/or linear epitopes not represented on delta-gB may be more important in the generation of neutralizing responses.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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