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J Abnorm Psychol. 2000 Aug;109(3):504-11.

The role of rumination in depressive disorders and mixed anxiety/depressive symptoms.

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Department of Psychology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor 48109, USA.


Several studies have shown that people who engage in ruminative responses to depressive symptoms have higher levels of depressive symptoms over time, after accounting for baseline levels of depressive symptoms. The analyses reported here showed that rumination also predicted depressive disorders, including new onsets of depressive episodes. Rumination predicted chronicity of depressive disorders before accounting for the effects of baseline depressive symptoms but not after accounting for the effects of baseline depressive symptoms. Rumination also predicted anxiety symptoms and may be particularly characteristic of people with mixed anxiety/depressive symptoms.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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