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Ann Intern Med. 2000 Oct 3;133(7):527-32.

Attitudes and practices of U.S. oncologists regarding euthanasia and physician-assisted suicide.

Author information

1
Department of Clinical Bioethics, Warren G. Magnuson Clinical Center, National Institutes of Health, Building 10, Room 1C118, Bethesda, MD 20892-1156, USA.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

The practices of euthanasia and physician-assisted suicide remain controversial.

OBJECTIVE:

To achieve better understanding of attitudes and practices regarding euthanasia and physician-assisted suicide in the context of end-of-life care.

DESIGN:

Cohort study.

SETTING:

United States.

PARTICIPANTS:

3299 oncologists who are members of the American Society of Clinical Oncology.

MEASUREMENTS:

Responses to survey questions on attitudes toward euthanasia and physician-assisted suicide for a terminally ill patient with prostate cancer who has unremitting pain, requests for and performance of euthanasia and physician-assisted suicide, and sociodemographic characteristics.

RESULTS:

Of U.S. oncologists surveyed, 22.5% supported the use of physician-assisted suicide for a terminally ill patient with unremitting pain and 6.5% supported euthanasia. Oncologists who were reluctant to increase the dose of intravenous morphine for terminally ill patients in excruciating pain (odds ratio [OR], 0.61 [95% CI, 0.48 to 0.77]) and had sufficient time to talk to dying patients about end-of-life care issues (OR, 0.79 [CI, 0.71 to 0.87]) were less likely to support euthanasia or physician-assisted suicide. During their career, 3.7% of surveyed oncologists had performed euthanasia and 10.8% had performed physician-assisted suicide. Oncologists who were reluctant to increase the morphine dose for patients in excruciating pain (OR, 0.58 [CI, 0.43 to 0.79]) and those who believed that they had received adequate training in end-of-life care (OR, 0.86 [CI, 0.79 to 0.95]) were less likely to have performed euthanasia or physician-assisted suicide. Oncologists who reported not being able to obtain all the care that a dying patient needed were more likely to have performed euthanasia (P = 0.001).

CONCLUSIONS:

Requests for euthanasia and physician-assisted suicide are likely to decrease as training in end-of-life care improves and the ability of physicians to provide this care to their patients is enhanced.

PMID:
11015165
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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