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Adv Pharmacol. 2000;49:437-77.

Simian immunodeficiency virus infection of monkeys as a model system for the study of AIDS pathogenesis, treatment, and prevention.

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  • 1Laboratory of Molecular Microbiology, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID), National Institutes of Health, Rockville, Maryland 20852, USA.

Abstract

As presented in this review, there are a number of different models of both natural and experimental infection of monkeys with primate lentiviruses. There are numerous different viruses and multiple different monkey species, making for a potentially large number of different combinations. The fact that each different combination of virus isolate and host macaque species may show different behavior underscores the need to understand the different models and their key features. On the one hand, this diversity of systems underscores the need to provide some standardization of the systems used for certain kinds of studies, such as vaccine evaluations, in order to facilitate the comparison of results obtained in different experiments, but in essentially the same experimental system. On the other hand, the rich diversity of different systems, with different features and behaviors, represents a tremendous resource, among other things allowing the investigator to select the system that best recapitulates particular aspects of human HIV infection for study in a relevant nonhuman primate model. Such studies have provided, and may be expected to continue to provide, important insights to guide HIV treatment and vaccine development in the future.

PMID:
11013771
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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