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Occup Med. 2000 Oct-Dec;15(4):677-93, iii.

Neuromusculoskeletal conditions of the upper extremity: are they due to repetitive occupational trauma?

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Portland Hand Surgery and Rehabilitation Center, Oregon 97210-2997, USA.


The significance of neuromusculoskeletal conditions in the workplace is the subject of much discussion among occupational medicine professionals. There are differing philosophies as to what constitutes appropriate diagnostic criteria for identification of these conditions. The traditional diagnostic model requires the presence of objective pathology. An emerging symptom-based model accepts that symptoms by themselves can constitute a diagnostic entity. The extent to which these conditions are considered to be associated with occupational activity depends greatly upon which of the two models is employed. This chapter presents an overview of each diagnostic model and a discussion of the impact each has on the prevalence of identified conditions and the manner in which the various diagnostic requirements can affect treatment, prevention, and disability rating protocols.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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