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Eur J Biochem. 2000 Oct;267(20):6126-33.

AhpF and other NADH:peroxiredoxin oxidoreductases, homologues of low Mr thioredoxin reductase.

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Department of Biochemistry, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston-Salem, NC, USA.


A group of bacterial flavoproteins related to thioredoxin reductase contain an additional approximately 200-amino-acid domain including a redox-active disulfide center at their N-termini. These flavoproteins, designated NADH:peroxiredoxin oxidoreductases, catalyze the pyridine-nucleotide-dependent reduction of cysteine-based peroxidases (e.g. Salmonella typhimurium AhpC, a member of the peroxiredoxin family) which in turn reduce H2O2 or organic hydroperoxides. These enzymes catalyze rapid electron transfer (kcat > 165 s-1) through one tightly bound FAD and two redox-active disulfide centers, with the N-terminal-most disulfide center acting as a redox mediator between the thioredoxin-reductase-like part of these proteins and the peroxiredoxin substrates. A chimeric protein with the first 207 amino acids of S. typhimurium AhpF attached to the N-terminus of Escherichia coli thioredoxin reductase exhibits very high NADPH:peroxiredoxin oxidoreductase and thioredoxin reductase activities. Catalytic turnover by NADH:peroxiredoxin oxidoreductases may involve major domain rotations, analogous to those proposed for bacterial thioredoxin reductase, and cycling of these enzymes between two electron-reduced (EH2) and four electron-reduced (EH4) redox states.

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