Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Clin Exp Dermatol. 2000 Jul;25(5):363-70.

Cutaneous leishmaniasis.

Author information

1
Dept. of Dermatology, Lincoln County Hospital, UK.

Abstract

Leishmaniasis is a major World health problem, which is increasing in incidence. In Northern Europe it is seen in travellers returning from endemic areas. The protozoa is transmitted by sandflies and may produce a variety of clinical syndromes varying from a simple ulcer to fatal systemic disease. This review considers the management of simple cutaneous leishmaniasis. Patients usually have a single ulcer which may heal spontaneously, requiring only topical, or no treatment at all. Lesions caused by Leishmania braziliensis may evolve into the mucocutaneous form, 'espundia', and should be treated with systemic antimony. Sodium stiboglucoante 20 mg/kg/day i. v. for 20 days is the appropriate first line treatment in these cases. Although it may cause transient bone marrow suppression, liver damage, a chemical pancreatitis, and disturbances in the electrocardiogram, it appears to be safe. The success of treatment should be assessed 6 weeks after it has been completed and patients should be followed up for 6 months.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Wiley
Loading ...
Support Center