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Biochemistry. 2000 Oct 3;39(39):11901-6.

Drug binding sites on P-glycoprotein are altered by ATP binding prior to nucleotide hydrolysis.

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Nuffield Department of Clinical Laboratory Sciences, John Radcliffe Hospital, University of Oxford, Oxford, U.K.


P-glycoprotein (P-gp) confers multiple drug resistance on cancer cells by acting as a plasma membrane localized ATP-dependent drug efflux pump. Currently, there is little information on the nature of the communication between the energy-providing nucleotide binding domains (NBDs) and the drug binding sites of P-gp to generate transport of substrate. Many substrates and modulators cause alterations in ATP hydrolysis, but what effect do the various stages of the catalytic cycle have on drug interaction with P-gp? Vanadate trapping of Mg.ADP caused a reversible decrease in the binding capacity of the transported substrate [(3)H]-vinblastine and the nontransported modulator [(3)H]XR9576 to P-gp in CH(r)B30 cell membranes. The non-hydrolyzable nucleotide analogue ATP-gamma-S also caused a reduction in the binding capacity of [(3)H]-vinblastine but not for the modulator [(3)H]XR9576. This indicates that signaling to the NBDs following binding of a nontransported modulator is different to that transmitted upon interaction of a transported substrate. Second, it appears that the binding of nucleotide, rather than its hydrolysis, causes the initial conformational shift in the drug-binding site during a transport cycle.

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