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Biochemistry. 2000 Oct 3;39(39):11845-54.

Biochemical and biophysical characterization of OmpG: A monomeric porin.

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Department of Medical Biochemistry & Genetics, The Texas A&M University System Health Science Center, College Station, Texas 77843-1114, USA.


A recombinant form of the porin OmpG, OmpGm, lacking the signal sequence, has been expressed in Escherichia coli. After purification under denaturing conditions, the protein was refolded in the detergent Genapol X-080, where it gained a structure rich in beta sheet as evidenced by a CD spectrum similar to that of the native form. Electrophoretic analysis and limited proteolysis experiments suggested that refolded OmpGm exists in at least three forms. Nevertheless, the recombinant protein formed uniform channels in planar bilayers with a conductance of 0.81 nS (1 M NaCl, pH 7.5). Previous biochemical studies had suggested that OmpG is a monomeric porin, rather than the usual trimer. Bilayer recordings substantiated this proposal; voltage-induced closures occurred consistently in a single step, and channel block by Gd(3+) lacked the cooperativity seen with the trimeric porin OmpF. The availability of milligram amounts of a monomeric porin will be useful both for basic studies of porin function and for membrane protein engineering.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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