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Anal Chem. 2000 Sep 15;72(18):4381-5.

Chemical grafting of molecularly imprinted homopolymers to the surface of microplates. Application of artificial adrenergic receptor in enzyme-linked assay for beta-agonists determination.

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  • 1Institute of BioScience and Technology, Cranfield University, Bedfordshire, UK.


A technique for coating of microplate wells with a molecularly imprinted polymer (MIP), specific for epinephrine, is presented. 3-Aminophenylboronic acid was polymerized in the presence of epinephrine using oxidation of the monomer by ammonium persulfate. This process resulted in the grafting of a thin polymer layer onto the polystyrene surface of the microplates. The polymer affinity was determined by an enzyme-linked assay using a conjugate of horseradish peroxidase and norepinephrine (HRP-N). It was found that imprinting resulted in increased affinity of the polymer toward HRP-N and epinephrine. Influence of the buffer pH and concentration on the polymer affinity was analyzed. It was shown that the MIP-coated microplates could be used for assay development and drug screening. The high stability of the polymers and good reproducibility of the measurements make MIP coating an attractive alternative to traditional antibodies or receptors, used in ELISA.

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