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Int J Cancer. 2000 Sep 20;89(5):465-8.

BCAR1/p130Cas expression in untreated and acquired tamoxifen-resistant human breast carcinomas.

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Department of Pathology, Division of Molecular Biology, Josephine Nefkens Institute, University Hospital Rotterdam, Rotterdam, The Netherlands.


High BCAR1/p130Cas expression in primary breast tumour cytosol predicts a poor chance of response recurrent disease to tamoxifen treatment in patients with oestrogen receptor (ER)-positive breast carcinomas. In this study, we assessed whether BCAR1/p130Cas expression is altered during acquisition of anti-oestrogen resistance. BCAR1/p130Cas protein was quantitatively measured by chemiluminescent Western blot analysis in the cytosol of 34 predominantly ER(+) carcinomas that initially responded to primary tamoxifen treatment and subsequently progressed (n = 22 ) or developed during adjuvant tamoxifen treatment (n = 12) and compared to 54 untreated ER(+) human breast carcinomas. We did not detect significant differences in the level of BCAR1/p130Cas protein in untreated and acquired tamoxifen-resistant carcinomas. Our results indicate that in tumour progression towards tamoxifen resistance, increase of BCAR1/p130Cas may be only one of the molecular mechanisms. Thus, high BCAR1/p130Cas protein levels appear to be a hallmark for intrinsic resistance to tamoxifen in breast carcinomas.

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