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J Biol Chem. 2000 Dec 22;275(51):40057-63.

The acceptor and site specificity of alpha 3-fucosyltransferase V. High reactivity of the proximal and low of the distal galbeta 1-4GlcNAc unit in i-type polylactosamines.

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Institute of Biotechnology, University of Helsinki, P.O. Box 56, 00014 Helsinki, Finland.


We report here on in vitro acceptor and site specificity of recombinant alpha3-fucosyltransferase V (Fuc-TV) with 40 oligosaccharide acceptors. Galbeta1-4GlcNAc (LN) and GalNAcbeta1-4GlcNAc (LDN) reacted rapidly; Galbeta1-3GlcNAc (LNB) reacted moderately, and GlcNAcbeta1-4GlcNAc (N, N'-diacetyl-chitobiose) reacted slowly yet distinctly. In neutral and terminally alpha3-sialylated polylactosamines of i-type, the reducing end LN unit reacted rapidly and the distal (sialyl)LN group very slowly; the midchain LNs revealed intermediate reactivities. The data suggest that a distal LN neighbor enhances but a proximal LN neighbor reduces the reactivity of the midchain LNs. This implies that Fuc-TV may bind preferably the tetrasaccharide sequence Galbeta1-4GlcNAcbeta1-3Galbeta1-4GlcNAc for transfer at the underlined monosaccharide. Terminal alpha3-sialylation of i-type polylactosamines almost doubled the reactivities of the LN units at all positions of the chains. We conclude that, in comparison with human Fuc-TIV and Fuc-TIX, Fuc-TV reacted with a highly distinct site specificity with i-type polylactosamines. The Fuc-TV reactivity of free LNB resembled that of LNBbeta1-3'R of a polylactosamine, contrasting strongly with the dissimilarity of the reactivities of the analogous pair of LN and LNbeta1-3'R. This observation supports the notion that LN and LNB may be functionally bound at distinct sites on Fuc-TV surface. Our data show that Fuc-TV worked well with a very wide range of LN-glycans, showing weak reactivity only with distal (sialyl)LN units of i-type polylactosamines, biantennary N-glycans, and I branches of polylactosamines.

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