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J Biol Chem. 2000 Dec 22;275(51):40042-7.

High glucose inhibits glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase via cAMP in aortic endothelial cells.

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Renal Division and Department of Medicine, Joslin Diabetes Center, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, and Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts 02215, USA.

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  • J Biol Chem 2001 Feb 16;276(7):5412.


Recent studies have shown that hyperglycemia is a principal cause of cellular damage in patients with diabetes mellitus. A major consequence of hyperglycemia is increased oxidative stress. Glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) plays an essential role in the regulation of oxidative stress by primarily regulating NADPH, the main intracellular reductant. In this paper we show that increased glucose (10-25 mm) caused inhibition of G6PD resulting in decreased NADPH levels in bovine aortic endothelial cells (BAEC). Inhibition was seen within 15 min. High glucose-induced inhibition of G6PD predisposed cells to cell death. High glucose via increased activity of adenylate cyclase also stimulated an increase in cAMP levels in BAEC. Agents that increased cAMP caused a decrease in G6PD activity. Inhibition of cAMP-dependent protein kinase A ameliorated the high glucose-induced inhibition of G6PD. Finally, high glucose stimulated phosphorylation of G6PD. These results suggest that, in BAEC, high glucose stimulated increased cAMP, which led to increased protein kinase A activity, phosphorylation of G6PD, and inhibition of G6PD activity. We conclude that these changes in G6PD activity play an important role in high glucose-induced cell damage/death.

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