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Eur J Nucl Med. 2000 Sep;27(9):1405-9.

99mTc(V)DMSA quantitatively predicts 188Re(V)DMSA distribution in patients with prostate cancer metastatic to bone.

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Nuclear Medicine Department, Kent and Canterbury Hospital, UK.


Rhenium-188 dimercaptosuccinic acid complex [188Re(V)DMSA], a potential therapeutic analogue of the tumour imaging agent 99mTc(V)DMSA, is selectively taken up in bone metastases in patients with prostate cancer. It would be helpful in planning palliative radionuclide therapy if 99mTc(V)DMSA could be used to predict tumour and kidney retention of 188Re(V)DMSA. The aim of this study was to determine the correlation between tumour-to-normal tissue ratios and kidney-to-soft tissue ratios of 99mTc(V)DMSA and 188Re(V)DMSA. This would determine whether a scan with 99mTc(V) DMSA could be used to identify patients for whom 188Re(V)DMSA treatment would be contra-indicated, and enable prediction of relative kidney and tumour radiation absorbed dose in 188Re(V)DMSA treatment. Ten patients with prostate carcinoma were recruited following observation of disseminated bone metastases on a recent 99mTc-hydroxydiphosphonate bone scan. Whole-body planar scans were obtained at ca. 4 h and 24 h after hydration and injection of 600 MBq 99mTc(V)DMSA, and a week later, at similar times after hydration and injection of 370 MBq 188Re(V)DMSA. A triple-energy window (TEW) scatter correction was applied to the 188Re scans. Counts per pixel were determined in regions of interest drawn over metastatic sites, kidneys and normal soft tissue. Tumour-to-soft tissue ratios were significantly lower (by a factor of approximately 0.8 after the TEW was applied) on 188Re scans than on 99mTc scans, but the two were highly linearly correlated both in all individual patients and in tumours pooled from all patients together both at 4 h and at 24 h. Kidney-to-soft tissue ratios were similarly correlated and were lower for 188Re than for 99mTc by a similar factor. Both tumour- and kidney-to-soft tissue ratios increased between 4 and 24 h but the latter increased more. In conclusion, only minor differences were seen between 99mTc and 188Re scans, and kidney-to-background ratios on 188Re scans were not higher than on 99mTc scans. These differences are insufficient to infer that they are due to a real difference in biodistribution, and they may be due only to different physical imaging characteristics. Thus 99mTc(V)DMSA scans are predictive of 188Re(V)DMSA biodistribution and could be used to estimate tumour and renal dosimetry and assess suitability of patients for 188Re(V)DMSA treatment.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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