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Curr Opin Immunol. 2000 Oct;12(5):576-82.

Design and evaluation of antigen-specific vaccination strategies against cancer.

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Department of Immunohematology and Blood Transfusion, Leiden University Medical Center, The Netherlands.


After studies in preclinical mouse models, the efficacy and safety of tumor-specific vaccination strategies is currently being evaluated in cancer patients. The first wave of clinical trials has shown that in general such vaccination strategies are safe. However examples of clinical responses, especially in conjunction with vaccine-induced immune responses, are still scarce. The fact that most trials have so far been performed with end-stage cancer patients can largely account for this deficit. Greater efficacy of anticancer vaccines is expected in patients with less-progressed disease. In addition, the detection of both natural and vaccine-induced T cell immunity needs further improvement.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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