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Hum Reprod. 2000 Oct;15(10):2093-7.

Prospective randomized trial to evaluate the efficacy of a vaginal ring releasing progesterone for IVF and oocyte donation.

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Unidad de Medicina Reproductiva, Clínica Las Condes, Santiago, Chile.


A polysyloxane vaginal ring containing 1g of natural progesterone was developed as luteal supplementation for women treated with IVF-embryo transfer and for agonadal women participating in an oocyte donation programme. The ring provides continuous release of progesterone (10-20 nmol/l) for 90 days. The efficacy of this form of progesterone supplementation was evaluated in two multicentre prospective randomized trials. IVF-embryo transfer trial: After oocyte aspiration, 505 women were randomly allocated to progesterone supplementation with vaginal ring or i.m. progesterone (50 mg/day). The clinical pregnancy rate was 36.6% in both groups. Implantation rate was 15.9% in the vaginal ring and 16.0% in i.m. progesterone. Oocyte donation trial: After endometrial proliferation with micronized oestradiol, 153 women were allocated to progesterone replacement with a vaginal ring or i.m. progesterone (100 mg/day). Clinical pregnancy rate was 39.8 and 28.6% respectively. Implantation rate was significantly higher with the vaginal ring compared with i.m. progesterone (19.9 and 11.6% respectively, P = 0.006). The vaginal ring is a novel development which provides continuous release of progesterone for 90 days. In IVF-embryo transfer, its effectiveness is similar to daily i.m. injections. In oocyte donation the ring provides a progestative milieu which improves the implantation rate and eliminates the discomfort of daily i.m. injections.

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