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J Pathol. 2000 Oct;192(2):263-72.

Role of macrophage scavenger receptor in endotoxin shock.

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1
Second Department of Pathology, Niigata University School of Medicine, Niigata 951-8510, Japan.

Abstract

Lipopolysaccharide (LPS) is known to bind to several receptors on macrophages, including CD14 and macrophage scavenger receptor class A types I and II (MSR-A), and stimulates macrophages to release various inflammatory mediators. MSR-A recognizes a broad range of polyanionic ligands such as chemically modified lipoproteins, LPS of Gram-negative bacteria, and lipoteichoic acid of Gram-positive bacteria, suggesting a role in host defence. In this study, mice lacking MSR-A were used to elucidate the role of MSR-A in endotoxin shock. Peritoneal macrophages from MSR-A-deficient (MSR-A(-/-)) mice bound less remarkably to LPS than those from wild-type (MSR-A(+/+)) mice and the binding activity of MSR-A(+/+) macrophages to LPS was reduced by the addition of an anti-MSR-A antibody. Clearance of LPS in serum was retarded in MSR-A(-/-) mice after intraperitoneal administration of LPS. LPS-induced expression of cytokines in the liver was similar in MSR-A(+/+) and MSR-A(-/-) mice, but levels of interleukin (IL)-1beta expression and serum IL-1beta were lower in MSR-A(-/-) mice. Administration of large doses of LPS resulted in a higher mortality of MSR-A(+/+) mice and pretreatment with an IL-1 receptor antagonist reduced the mortality. Thus, MSR-A-mediated macrophage activation plays a negative role in protecting mice from endotoxin shock by enhancing IL-1beta production by macrophages.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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