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J Med Virol. 2000 Oct;62(2):233-8.

Serotype-specific antigen ELISA for detection of Chiba virus in stools.

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Laboratory of Virology, Aichi Prefectural Institute of Public Health, Nagoya, Japan.


Chiba virus (CV), a Norwalk-like virus (NLV), was first identified as a cause of oyster-associated outbreak of gastroenteritis that occurred in Chiba prefecture, Japan, in 1987. An enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), based on hyperimmune antisera to recombinant baculovirus-expressed capsid proteins of CV (rCV), was developed to detect CV antigen in stools. No cross-reactions were observed with other enteric viruses including enteroviruses, rotaviruses, astroviruses, or enteric adenoviruses. The ELISA was used to screen 101 stools collected from 16 oyster-associated outbreaks of acute gastroenteritis. Twelve stools (11.9%) from seven outbreaks were positive for CV antigen. Ten rCV ELISA-positive strains were confirmed by RT-PCR and nucleotide sequencing. ELISA-positive strains showed 96-100% nucleotide sequence identity to each other, though they were obtained nine years apart. Phylogenetic analysis demonstrated that all ten strains clustered with the prototype CV in genogroup I viruses. We concluded that the antigen ELISA described in this study is highly type-specific, and that this method should be useful for epidemiological surveys of Chiba virus infections.

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