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Blood. 2000 Oct 1;96(7):2557-61.

Recruitment of the nuclear receptor corepressor N-CoR by the TEL moiety of the childhood leukemia-associated TEL-AML1 oncoprotein.

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Leukaemia Research Fund Centre at the Institute of Cancer Research, Chester Beatty Laboratories, London, England.


The t(12;21)(p13;q22) chromosomal translocation is the most frequent illegitimate gene recombination in a pediatric cancer and occurs in approximately 25% of common acute lymphoblastic leukemia (cALL) cases. This rearrangement results in the in frame fusion of the 5'-region of the ETS-related gene, TEL (ETV6), to almost the entire acute myeloid leukemia 1 (AML1) (also called CBFA2 or PEBP2AB1) locus and expression of the TEL-AML1 chimeric protein. Although AML1 stimulates transcription, TEL-AML1 functions as a repressor of some AML1 target genes. In contrast to the wild type AML1 protein, both TEL and TEL-AML1 interact with N-CoR, a component of the nuclear receptor corepressor complex with histone deacetylase activity. The interaction between TEL and N-CoR requires the central region of TEL, which is retained in TEL-AML1, and TEL lacking this domain is impaired in transcriptional repression. Taken together, our results suggest that TEL-AML1 may contribute to leukemogenesis by recruiting N-CoR to AML1 target genes and thus imposing an altered pattern of their expression.

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