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Am J Physiol Lung Cell Mol Physiol. 2000 Oct;279(4):L691-8.

Receptor-dependent activation of store-operated calcium entry increases endothelial cell permeability.

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Department of Pharmacology, University of South Alabama College of Medicine, Mobile, Alabama 36688, USA.


The present study evaluated the necessity of store-operated Ca(2+) entry in mediating thrombin-induced 20-kDa myosin light chain (MLC(20)) phosphorylation and increased permeability in bovine pulmonary artery endothelial cells (BPAECs). Thrombin (7 U/ml) and thapsigargin (1 microM) activated Ca(2+) entry through a common pathway in confluent BPAECs. Similar increases in MLC(20) phosphorylation were observed 5 min after thrombin and thapsigargin challenge, although thrombin produced a sustained increase in MLC(20) phosphorylation that was not observed in response to thapsigargin. Neither agonist increased MLC(20) phosphorylation when Ca(2+) influx was inhibited. Thrombin and thapsigargin induced inter-endothelial cell gap formation and increased FITC-dextran (molecular radii 23 A) transfer across confluent BPAEC monolayers. Activation of store-operated Ca(2+) entry was required for thapsigargin and thrombin receptor-activating peptide to increase permeability, demonstrating that activation of store-operated Ca(2+) entry is coupled with MLC(20) phosphorylation and is associated with intercellular gap formation and increased barrier transport of macromolecules. Unlike thrombin receptor-activating peptide, thrombin increased permeability without activation of store-operated Ca(2+) entry, suggesting that it partly disrupts the endothelial barrier through a proteolytic mechanism independent of Ca(2+) signaling.

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