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Clin Cancer Res. 2000 Sep;6(9):3713-8.

Intranasal therapy with an adenoviral vector containing the murine interleukin-12 gene eradicates osteosarcoma lung metastases.

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  • 1Department of Pediatrics, The University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center, Houston 77030, USA.


The purpose of these studies was to determine the effect of adenovirus-mediated interleukin-12 (IL-12) gene transfer on the growth and development of osteosarcoma (OS) lung metastases in nude mice. A nude mouse model was produced by repetitive cycling of human SAOS OS cells through the lung. The resultant SAOS-LM6 cell line produced microscopic lung metastases by 5-6 weeks after i.v. injection of the tumor cells, with visible lung metastases present 8 weeks after injection. Transfection of SAOS-LM6 cells with a plasmid containing the murine IL-12 gene resulted in a decrease in metastatic potential. Animals injected with IL-12-transfected clones had fewer metastases compared with mice injected with SAOS-LM6 cells transfected with a control plasmid. Furthermore, nasal delivery of an adenoviral vector containing the murine IL-12 gene resulted in the inhibition of pulmonary metastases. Together, these data indicate that IL-12 may be an effective agent against OS and that nasal delivery may offer a unique way to deliver the gene to the local tumor environment, potentially decreasing systemic toxic effects.

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