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J Anat. 2000 Jul;197 ( Pt 1):61-76.

Using diagnostic radiology in human evolutionary studies.

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Evolutionary Anatomy Unit, Department of Anatomy and Developmental Biology, University College London, UK.


This paper reviews the application of medical imaging and associated computer graphics techniques to the study of human evolutionary history, with an emphasis on basic concepts and on the advantages and limitations of each method. Following a short discussion of plain film radiography and pluridirectional tomography, the principles of computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and their role in the investigation of extant and fossil morphology are considered in more detail. The second half of the paper deals with techniques of 3-dimensional visualisation based on CT and MRI and with quantitative analysis of digital images.

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