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J Virol Methods. 2000 Sep;89(1-2):39-48.

Development of a blocking enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay for the detection of avian polyomavirus-specific antibodies.

Author information

1
Institute of Virology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Leipzig, An den Tierkliniken 29, D-04103, Leipzig, Germany.

Abstract

Avian polyomavirus, described originally as budgerigar fledgling disease virus, has been associated with devastating contagious disease outbreaks in budgerigar aviaries. At present, this virus affects a wide range of psittacine and non-psittacine birds worldwide, and the serum neutralisation test is used for the serodiagnosis of avian polyomavirus infections. A blocking enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay was developed for the screening of large numbers of sera collected from various avian species. The assay employs a monoclonal antibody directed against the major structural protein VP1 as a blocking antibody in a sandwich blocking procedure. Either purified avian polyomavirus particles or avian polyomavirus VP1 expressed in recombinant baculovirus-infected Sf9 cells were used as antigen. The specificity of the blocking enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay was evaluated by testing sera directed against mammalian polyomaviruses. Using sera obtained from chicken infected experimentally with avian polyomavirus and a collection of psittacine field-origin sera, a good correlation was observed between the results of the blocking enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and the serum neutralisation test. However, the blocking enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay is more rapid and more economic. Both, avian polyomavirus particles and VP1 produced by recombinant DNA technology proved to be suitable antigens.

PMID:
10996638
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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