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Neuroscience. 2000;100(1):183-9.

D-aspartate disposition in neuronal and endocrine tissues: ontogeny, biosynthesis and release.

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1
Departamento de Bioquimica, ICB/CCS, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, RJ 21941-590, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.

Abstract

High levels of D-aspartate occur in the brain and endocrine glands, such as pineal, adrenal and pituitary. In the brain, D-aspartate levels are highest in embryonic and early postnatal stages. Notably high levels occur in the early postnatal cortical plate and subventricular zone of the cerebral cortical cultures, implying a role in development. In embryonic neuronal primary culture cells, we detected high levels of endogenous D-aspartate and demonstrated biosynthesis of [14C]D-aspartate using [14C]L-aspartate as precursor. Synthesis of D-aspartate in cell cultures is inhibited by amino-oxyacetic acid, an inhibitor of pyridoxal phosphate-dependent enzymes. In the rat adrenal medulla, D-aspartate is depleted by treatment of the animals with intraperitoneal nicotine injections. In adrenal slices, D-aspartate is released by depolarization with KCl or acetylcholine, implying physiological release by activation of the cholinergic innervation of the adrenal. Our characterization of D-aspartate ontogeny, biosynthesis and depolarization-induced release implies specific physiological roles for this amino acid.

PMID:
10996468
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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