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Am J Med Genet. 2000 Sep 18;94(3):214-27.

Mutation analysis and description of sixteen RSH/Smith-Lemli-Opitz syndrome patients: polymerase chain reaction-based assays to simplify genotyping.

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Unit on Molecular Dysmorphology, Heritable Disorders Branch, National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland 20892, USA.


We report the clinical and molecular data of 16 patients with RSH/Smith-Lemli-Opitz syndrome (RSH/SLOS) with varying phenotypic severity, for which we have identified mutations in both alleles. RSH/SLOS is an autosomal recessive malformation syndrome caused by mutations in the gene encoding the sterol Delta(7)-reductase. This protein catalyzes the reduction of 7-dehydrocholesterol to cholesterol in the last step of cholesterol biosynthesis via the Kandutsch-Russell pathway. In addition to previously reported mutations (T93M, L109P, G147D, W151X, T154M, R242C, A247V, T289I, IVS8-1G-->C, Y408H, and E448K), we have identified six previously undescribed mutations (321G-->C, W177R, R242H, Y318N, L341P, and C444Y). We also report rapid polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-based assays developed to detect four of the recurring mutations (T93M, W151X, V326L, and R404C) and six other RSH/SLOS mutations (321G-->C, L109P, T154M, T289I, Y318N, and L341P). The purpose of this article is to correlate detailed clinical information with molecular data in order to improve our understanding of the genotype-phenotype correlation of RSH/SLOS and to report the development of PCR-based assays that will allow more rapid mutation analysis.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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