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J Biol Chem. 2000 Nov 10;275(45):35486-90.

The Na+-driven Cl-/HCO3- exchanger. Cloning, tissue distribution, and functional characterization.

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Department of Molecular Medicine, Chiba University Graduate School of Medicine, 1-8-1 Inohana, Chuo-ku, Chiba 260-8670, Japan.


The Na(+)-driven Cl(-)/HCO(3)(-) exchanger is an important regulator of intracellular pH in various cells, but its molecular basis has not been determined. We show here the primary structure, tissue distribution, and functional characterization of Na(+)-driven chloride/bicarbonate exchanger (designated NCBE) cloned from the insulin-secreting cell line MIN6 cDNA library. The NCBE protein consists of 1088 amino acids having 74, 72, and 55% amino acid identity to the human skeletal muscle, rat smooth muscle, and human kidney sodium bicarbonate cotransporter, respectively. The protein has 10 putative membrane-spanning regions. NCBE mRNA is expressed at high levels in the brain and the mouse insulinoma cell line MIN6 and at low levels in the pituitary, testis, kidney, and ileum. Functional analyses of the NCBE protein expressed in Xenopus laevis oocytes and HEK293 cells demonstrate that it transports extracellular Na(+) and HCO(3)(-) into cells in exchange for intracellular Cl(-) and H(+), thus raising the intracellular pH. Thus, we conclude that NCBE is a Na(+)-driven Cl(-)/HCO(3)(-) exchanger that regulates intracellular pH in native cells.

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