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Schizophr Bull. 2000;26(3):603-18.

Three-factor model of schizotypal personality: invariance across culture, gender, religious affiliation, family adversity, and psychopathology.

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Dept. of Psychology, University of Southern California, Los Angeles 90089-1061, USA.


Whilst the syndrome approach to schizotypy has recently demonstrated differential correlates of a three-factor model of schizotypal personality, variations in the nature of these factors question a basic assumption of this approach. This study tested competing models of the factor structure of schizotypal personality using the Schizotypal Personality Questionnaire (SPQ) in a sample of 1,201 Mauritians. Factor invariance across gender, ethnicity, family adversity, and religion and across a psychopathologically select group was also assessed. Results suggest that a three-factor model, Cognitive-Perceptual Deficits, Interpersonal Deficits, and Disorganization, underlies individual differences across widely varying groups. Other competing three-factor schizotypal personality models did not fit the data better. It is argued that the three-factor Disorganized model is a well-replicated model of DSM schizotypal personality in community samples but possibly not in some clinical samples.

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