Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
J Biol Chem. 2000 Dec 8;275(49):38245-53.

Cytosolic Ca2+ homeostasis is a constitutive function of the V-ATPase in Saccharomyces cerevisiae.

Author information

Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, State University of New York, Upstate Medical University, Syracuse, New York 13210, USA.


The vacuole is the major site of intracellular Ca(2+) storage in yeast and functions to maintain cytosolic Ca(2+) levels within a narrow physiological range via a Ca(2+) pump (Pmc1p) and a H(+)/Ca(2+) antiporter (Vcx1p) driven by the vacuolar H(+)-ATPase (V-ATPase). We examined the function of the V-ATPase in cytosolic Ca(2+) homeostasis by comparing responses to a brief Ca(2+) challenge of a V-ATPase mutant (vma2Delta) and wild-type cells treated with the V-ATPase inhibitor concanamycin A. The kinetics of the Ca(2+) response were determined using transgenic aequorin as an in vivo cytosolic Ca(2+) reporter system. In wild-type cells, the V-ATPase-driven Vcx1p was chiefly responsible for restoring cytosolic Ca(2+) concentrations after a brief pulse. In cells lacking V-ATPase activity, brief exposure to elevated Ca(2+) compromised viability, even when there was little change in the final cytosolic Ca(2+) concentration. vma2Delta cells were more efficient at restoring cytosolic [Ca(2+)] after a pulse than concanamycin-treated wild-type cells, suggesting long term loss of V-ATPase triggers compensatory mechanisms. This compensation was dependent on calcineurin, and was mediated primarily by Pmc1p.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire
    Loading ...
    Support Center