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Phys Rev Lett. 2000 May 22;84(21):4910-3.

Hydrogen atoms cause long-range electronic effects on graphite

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Physics Department, University of Fribourg, Perolles, CH-1700 Fribourg, Switzerland.


We report on long-range electronic effects caused by hydrogen-carbon interaction at the graphite surface. Two types of defects could be distinguished with a combined mode of scanning tunneling microscopy and atomic force microscopy: chemisorption of hydrogen on the basal plane of graphite and atomic vacancy formation. Both types show a (sqrt[3]xsqrt[3])R30 degrees superlattice in the local density of states but have a different topographic structure. The range of modifications in the electronic structure, of fundamental importance for electronic devices based on carbon nanostructures, has been found to be of the order of 20-25 lattice constants.

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