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Phys Rev Lett. 2000 May 1;84(18):4184-7.

Composite medium with simultaneously negative permeability and permittivity

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Department of Physics, University of California, San Diego, 9500 Gilman Drive, La Jolla, California 92093-0319, USA.


We demonstrate a composite medium, based on a periodic array of interspaced conducting nonmagnetic split ring resonators and continuous wires, that exhibits a frequency region in the microwave regime with simultaneously negative values of effective permeability &mgr;(eff)(omega) and permittivity varepsilon(eff)(omega). This structure forms a "left-handed" medium, for which it has been predicted that such phenomena as the Doppler effect, Cherenkov radiation, and even Snell's law are inverted. It is now possible through microwave experiments to test for these effects using this new metamaterial.

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