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Microb Drug Resist. 2000 Summer;6(2):147-53.

Characteristics of the major etiologic agents of bacterial meningitis isolated in Poland in 1997-1998.

Author information

1
National Reference Centre for Bacterial Meningitis, Sera and Vaccines, Central Research Laboratory, Warsaw, Poland. skoczek@urania.il.waw.pl

Abstract

Bacterial meningitis remains a major cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide, especially in children. In this paper, we present the results of the first two years (1997-98) of activity of the National Reference Centre for Bacterial Meningitis (NRCBM) on the etiologic agents of bacterial meningitis in Poland. Of the 220 isolates sent to the NRCBM, the most frequently identified was Neisseria meningitidis (n = 90, 40.9%), followed by Haemophilus influenzae (n = 58, 26.4%), and Streptoccus pneumoniae (n = 46, 20.9%). Of the meningococcal isolates, 88.9% belonged to serogroup B and 10.0% to serogroup C, and the most prevalent serotype was 22 (43.3%). Most meningococci were highly sensitive to penicillin; however, 10% of them had decreased susceptibility to penicillin. More than 90% of H. influenzae belonged to serotype b, and all were susceptible to third generation cephalosporins and chloramphenicol. A broad distribution of serotypes was found among pneumococcal isolates, of which the most common were serotypes 3 and 8. Penicillin nonsusceptible isolates constituted 13% of all pneumococcal isolates. Three of the resistant pnemococci belonged to serotype 23F. Data presented in this paper demonstrate the current epidemiological situation of bacterial meningitis in Poland.

PMID:
10990270
DOI:
10.1089/107662900419465
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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